Orthodontics is a specialized field that helps align your jaw bone and teeth in order to impart perfect facial harmony. Earlier the treatment, simpler it is. Thus it’s best for children by the age of 7. The first incisors and molars are out by that age and it is easy to determine if the child will be affected by crossbites, crowding or any other issue.
Now two-phase orthodontic treatment is a very specialized process that is applied to straighten the teeth, and make facial changes by helping in the natural growth of the jaw position. However, its use is limited to young children from the age of seven to ten when all their permanent teeth haven’t erupted in their mouth.
Why do you need two phase treatment?
It is a known fact that most of the orthodontic issues are due to genetics or accidents. The jaws and teeth are a contributing factor in giving shape to your mouth.
The two phase treatment is divided in two stages that are aimed at correcting these ‘contributing factors’ at young age when they can be effectively treated. Depending upon the shape and size of your child’s jaw, the two phase treatment can help in creating a great result at younger age. This is because the growth is more active at that age.
- Phase one is typically implemented at the age of seven to ten when there is active growth.
- Phase two is implemented at a later stage at the ages from twelve to fourteen, when the actual straightening of the permanent teeth takes place.
What is the advantage of two phase treatment?
The most important advantage of two phase treatment is that it helps in maximizing the opportunity to rectify the contributing factors to your child’s orthodontic problem at an early stage when they are easily corrected. Obviously this means that the child receives a comfortable treatment process as compared to possible surgical interventions later on. This treatment also offers a more naturally stable outcome for the rest of your life.
There are some people who want to put off the treatment, as they may think that that their child’s teeth are aligned now. Firstly, you should seek the orthodontist advice on this. Secondly, if you put the treatment off without your doctor’s recommendation, it is possible that later the orthodontist may have limited option in correcting the jawline because of reduced growth potential remaining at the beginning of the treatment.
Is two phase treatment for all children?
Two phase treatment is not for every child. It is only applicable to children whose natural jaw structures ate posing an orthodontic problem. This is the reason why you should seek initial evaluation by an orthodontist at the age of seven. The orthodontist is well trained to determine this issue and advise you the treatment options. Your orthodontist may ask you to wait for the permanent teeth to grow because two phase treatment doesn’t have limited benefits.
What is the goal of first phase treatment?
The first phase treatment involves correcting the jaw line in a way so that all the permanent teeth are accommodated well in the upper as well as the lower jaw. Many children exhibit misalignment of teeth or other jaw irregularities at an early age when they grow and develop. Hence an upper and lower jaw that has grown unshapely or is not growing properly can be recognized easily.
If parents intervene early, an early correction prevents later removal of permanent teeth that is a result of overcrowding, overbite or underbite. If such teeth are left untreated until all the permanent teeth are erupted, it may result in a jaw discrepancy that may become so severe that achieving an ideal result is not possible.
Generally it is seen that parents try to correct this issue in older children with the help of braces. Well, it is not really an ideal situation here.
What is the resting period?
Resting period is the time between two phases of active treatment, when the remaining permanent teeth are allowed to come out. At this time external devices are not used as they may interfere with natural eruption of teeth. It is important that some freedom is given to the existing permanent teeth when final eruption takes place. If the first phase is successful, it will create enough room for the teeth to find their path to grow.
The doctor monitors the progress of teeth and subsequently recommends when to start with the phase two of the treatment.